COWIE & MOTT is a construction law firm with Washington DC Maryland Construction Law Attorneys



By Washington DC Maryland Construction Law Attorneys

In the case of The Milton Company v. Council of Unit Owners of Bentley Place Condominium (the “Bentley case,”), Washington DC  Maryland Construction Law Attorneys obtained a 6.6 million dollar jury verdict against a Developer and a Builder / General contractor for defective construction.  Maryland’s highest appellate court made a number of important rulings concerning the legal authority of a condominium association, also known as a “council of unit owners” or “council,” to sue on behalf of its unit owner members with regard to construction defects that affect the condominium community.

The Bentley case involved a suit brought by the Council of Unit Owners of Bentley Place Condominium (the “Council,”) against a developer and builder for construction defects in the common areas as well as certain unit defects that were common to or that affected most if not all individual unit owners oat the Bentley Place Condominium. The Council filed suit on its own behalf and on behalf of the unit owners. Following a four-week trial, the jury returned verdicts in favor of the Council, awarding a maximum  $6,682,052.00 in damages for construction defect repairs. The Court also awarded the Council $500,000 for attorneys fees. The developer and builder appealed.

In upholding the jury verdict, the Maryland appellate courts ruled that a council’s right to sue in a construction defect case is not limited merely to brining a common element warranty claim in its own name under the Maryland Condominium Act. Rather, a council also has a statutory authority to act in a representative capacity on behalf of two or more unit owners. In its representative capacity, a council may pursue any legal construction defect claim that unit owners could have asserted individually relative to both common elements and individual units, so long as the council represents at least “two or more unit owners on matters affecting the condominium.” Thus, in the Bentley case the court held that the council had statutory authority to pursue the construction defect claims in its own name and on behalf of its unit owners members for breach of common element implied warranties, negligent construction, breach of contract, negligent misrepresentation, violation of the Maryland Consumer Protection Act, and breach of express and implied warranties applicable to the sale of all new homes.

Furthermore, since each unit owner individually owns an undivided percentage of the entire common elements, a council, suing on behalf of at least two unit owners, is entitled to recover the entire damage to the entire common elements, (even though some of the other unit owners may be legally barred from seeking recovery.) Thus, for example, if the claims of some unit owners regarding common element construction defects are barred by some legal defense, the council could nonetheless bring suit against the builder on behalf of the remaining unit owners whose common element claims are not barred, and seek damages for all defects in the entire common elements.

Washington DC Maryland construction law attorney Nicholas D. Cowie is a partner in the Construction law firm of Cowie & Mott, P.A. Mr. Cowie is licensed to practice law in Maryland and Washington DC and is one of the construction lawyers who represented the Council of Unit Owners in the Bentley case. See Baltimore Sun and Washington Post article: “CONDO ASSOCIATION AWARDED $6.68 MILLION IN CASE ALLEGING SHODDY WORKMANSHIP.” The case arose out of the construction of a multi-family residential condominium project located in the Washington, D.C. greater metropolitan area (Rockville, in Montgomery County, Maryland). The case was heard on appeal by both the Court of Special Appeals of Maryland and the highest appeals court, the Court of Appeals of Maryland.